There is one more influence of cosmological relationships upon macroscopic physics, which arises in connection with thermodynamics. The existence of irreversible processes in thermodynamics indicates a distinction between the positive and negative directions in time. As Clausius recognized in the 19th century, this irreversibility reflects a quantity, first defined by him, called entropy, which measures the degree of randomness evolving from all physical processes by which their energies tend to degrade into heat. Entropy can only increase in the positive direction of time. In fact, the increase in entropy during a process is a measure of the irreversibility of that process.
Excerpt from the Encyclopedia Britannica without permission.